The term neuropathy refers to the nerve damage caused by conditions such as diabetes, chemotherapy, cholesterol medications (statin drugs), genetic factors, infections, vitamin deficiencies, spinal stenosis, brain damage, and a host of other conditions. Because the nerves are used by the brain to communicate with other parts of the body, any area of the body can be affected by neuropathy. The affected area could include the joints, muscles, internal organs, and skin, or a combination of these areas of the body.
Any damage to the nerves can result in a variety of symptoms and related issues. Neuropathy can affect any of the nerves throughout the body, however, it does not refer to nerve damage that affects the spine or the brain. It is also known by a number of other terms such as diabetic neuropathy and peripheral neuropathy.